Uveitis is an eye disorder. It is a disease which causes inflammation in your eyes. If you don’t treat it or seek help, it will lead to vision loss. You can go partially or completely blind if it is left untreated.
There are different forms of Uveitis. Each one affects a different region of the eye. Some of the common symptoms are a pain in the eye, red eye, eye floaters and vision problems.
While Uveitis is not the only cause of vision damage, it leads to other eye problems which cause blindness. Early detection and treatment is a must.
What is Uveitis?
It is inflammation of the eyes which affects one or both the eyes. Uvea is a layer of the eye which is affected. It is a serious eye disorder which can cause vision loss. Uveitis is a painful condition in which eye tissues become swollen.
The main cause of Uveitis is unknown. However, eye injury, surgery, infection, or autoimmune disease might the cause of it.
What is Uvea?
Uvea is a layer in the eye. It consists of three parts. It also consists of blood vessels which provide important nutrients to the eye. Uvea is made up of all these things.
- Iris: It is the coloured part of the eye. It covers the pupil.
- Choroid: It is the layer between the white part of the eye and the retina. It is a very thin layer.
- Pars Plana: It is the single layer.
- Ciliary Body: It is the muscle behind the iris. It connects choroid with the iris.
How Does Uveitis Cause Blindness?
There are many ways how Uveitis causes blindness. Sometimes it is because of inflammation and other times it is because of other eye disorders triggered by Uveitis.
- Tissue Breakdown: Uveitis causes severe inflammation in the eye. Your eye will become swollen and red. The inflammation leads to itching, which can result in scar and tissue breakdown. The damaged tissue causes vision loss or blindness.
- Cataract: It is a layer which clouds the lens in your eye. It happens because of inflammation. Your vision will become blurry and hazy in the begging, but as it spreads, you will start losing your vision.
- Glaucoma: The fluid inside the eyes continuously drains out to avoid infections. However, sometimes the fluid builds-up which damages the optic nerve. It makes your vision dull and hazy. You will also experience pain, nausea and fatigue. If left untreated, it will cause blindness.
- Swollen Retina: Inflammation causes the retina to swell, which leads to eye damage. You will see a black spot in the middle because of this. If left untreated, you might lose your vision.
Does Uveitis Clear On Its Own?
Acute Uveitis is a short-term eye infection which goes on its own in a few weeks. However, it is not wise to leave it untreated as it might cause blindness.
However, if the condition becomes worse, it will not go on its own. You have to consult a doctor and start treatment immediately.
The key to treat Uveitis is early detections. You need to consult a doctor as soon as you notice the symptoms.
Depending on the type of Uveitis and the severity, the doctor will start the treatment. Here are the common treatments available.
- Antibiotic and Antiviral Medication
- Corticosteroid Medication
- Mydriatic Eye Drops
If you notice the symptoms of Uveitis, it is wise to consult a doctor. If you don’t treat it on time, it will cause blindness.