Hormones may be very familiar in everyday life. Hormones can affect various aspects ranging from emotions, the reproductive system and growth. All are controlled by hormones. Hormones are chemicals produced by an endocrine gland in the body starting from the hypothalamus gland, adrenal gland, pancreas gland, ovarian gland, digestive gland, thyroid gland, thymus gland and pituitary gland. Hormones work by following the flow of blood which then stops at a certain point to be able to stimulate a certain change. Also, this thyroid gland also regulates metabolism.

Hormone level

Hormones have many functions that are useful for the body ranging from stimulating the formation and release of the thyroid gland, sleep cycle, body temperature, regulating mood and stress, providing the development of sexual characteristics, regulating body balance or homeostasis to regulate the reproductive system along with other functions. Basically hormones can have permanent effects such as growth and can also have temporary effects such as mood. However, hormones may not function properly or hormone imbalances that can occur in men and women.

Hormone imbalance (men and women) is a condition where the amount of hormones produced is too little or even too much so that it disturbs the balance. Hormonal changes will have a serious impact even if only a small change. This change will have an impact on the body because homone cannot do its job properly. In women who experience hormonal changes may affect the menstrual cycle and men may experience problems around reproduction.

Hormone Imbalance

Hormone Imbalance The symptoms

Because the levels of hormones produced by the endocrine glands are not balanced it will cause several symptoms. Hormonal imbalances can occur to anyone. Symptoms in women may be different from symptoms that are often seen in men. However, in general symptoms due to hormonal disorders are characterized by several symptoms ranging from:

– Feel fatigue

– Increased body weight and increased appetite

– Constipation

– Extreme stress

– Mood swings that make mood change

– Insomnia or sleep difficulties

– Dry skin

– Muscle feels weak

– Muscle ache

– Having joint problems such as stiffness or pain

– Having hair problems such as thinning and brittle hair

– Sexuality disorders

– Uncontrolled emotions such as irritability and anxiety

– Depression

a.) Men

Men can also experience hormonal disorders or hormonal imbalances. This is possible because any man can experience it. The hormone testosterone plays a large role for the body of men. And a common problem that is often encountered in men is an imbalance in the hormone testosterone. When an imbalance occurs, the body will provide symptoms in the form.

• Sperm count tends to be low

• Decreased sex drive

• Disorders of muscle mass

• Excess breast tissue

• Have osteoporosis

• Fertility problems

• Reduced body hair

• Difficulty to focus

• Erectile dysfunction

b.) Women

Hormonal imbalances in women may also happen with many factors. A thyroid that is disrupted will cause symptoms that indicate that the hormone is out of balance. There are several symptoms that indicate hormonal disorders in women include:

• Disorders of menstruation such as irregular periods or even heavy menstruation, late menstruation or even stopping.

• Experiencing acne problems

• Gain weight

• Having bone problems such as osteoporosis

• Digestive problems such as constipation and diarrhea

• Excessive hair growth on the chin, face and neck and certain body parts

• Problems with the skin such as blackened skin on some parts especially the most visible are the neck and groin.

• Vaginal dryness

• Feel pain in the breast

• Always sweat at night

• Pain during sex

• Hair loss

• Decreased libido

• Insomnia

• Headache

Hormone Imbalance Causes

The problem of hormonal imbalance is caused by many factors. Experiencing growth or experiencing menopause in women is also a factor that can cause this hormone disruption. Basically the cause of this hormonal imbalance can be caused by various things. Problems with hormonal disorders can also occur while some can occur over a longer period of time. For this reason, it is important to know the factors that can cause hormone imbalance (men and women). Here are some things that might cause hormonal imbalances in general.

– Disorders of the thyroid (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism)

– Stress

– Drug effect

– Diabetes both type 1 and type 2

– Hormone therapy

– Tumors (benign and malignant)

– Changes in eating patterns or eating disorder

– Cancer treatment and radiation therapy

– Have trauma

– Wrong diet

– Overweight problem

– Pituitary tumor

– High hormone cortisol (Cushing’s syndrome)

– Anorexia

a.) Men

The causes of hormonal imbalances between men and women also have differences. Men and women also have differences in hormonal changes that are more specific. Factors that cause this imbalance of hormones can occur naturally as in male growth and other factors that can also occur is the problem of aging. There are several other factors that can cause hormonal problems including:

• Low amount of testosterone

• Stress

• Use of medicines

• The wrong diet

• Genetic and other factors

b.) Women

In women the causes of hormonal imbalances also vary. This hormonal change is also caused by several medical conditions that often accompany it. This particular condition causes a hormonal imbalance that can last a while until quite a long time, some special factors of the cause of a hormonal imbalance are:

• Pregnancy

• Breastfeeding

• Use of medicines such as birth control

• Menopause

• PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and also can be caused by Cancer 

Hormone Imbalance Test

It would be better to make a visit to the doctor early to get the treatment needed. Get proper treatment from professionals to help you deal with your hormonal problems. The importance of testing will allow doctors to find out more specific causes of hormonal changes that make it unbalanced. Your doctor may order you to carry out a number of tests that will be used to determine more detailed causes and how to treat them correctly.

At first you might get a consultation first to ask about the symptoms you feel. After that, the doctor will suggest a number of tests to determine the diagnosis. Some of the tests undertaken include:

Blood test

Blood tests are a common test done by doctors to find out the cause of a hormonal imbalance. Your blood sample will be taken for further research in the laboratory. Basically hormones work by following the bloodstream, so this test can be expected to provide information related to hormonal disorders by checking thyroid, testosterone, cortisol and estrogen levels in the blood.

Ultrasound

To provide a clearer diagnosis, the doctor will also advise patients to do an ultrasound test. This test is also used to do tests for the uterus, ovaries, testes, pituitary gland, and thyroid. By doing an ultrasound test it is hoped that it can provide a number of important information by entering directly into the inside of the patient’s body.

X-ray or MRI

Your doctor may also use X-rays and MRIs to do a more detailed examination. However, these tests are basically additional tests which can provide clearer imaging. This test is done by looking at and considering the previous test. If deemed necessary, then this test will be done.

Calculation of sperm count

Counting sperm count can also be a test option that can be recommended by a doctor. By doing sperm counts the information obtained can be more specific to find out  the cause of hormone imbalances.

Direct inspection

Direct examination is also not spared to be done by a doctor. This examination is different in men and women. Pap smears will be performed on women to see a variety of possibilities, ranging from detecting unusual lumps, cysts to the possibility of tumors and other abnormalities that may arise to find out the exact cause of hormone imbalance. In men, the examination is carried out by checking directly on the scrotum to check for any possible lumps that appear or are abnormal in that section.

Basically the doctor will suggest doing a number of in-depth tests to find out the causes and various possibilities that arise that underlie the imbalance of hormones. A number of these tests will also make it easier for doctors to find the main cause of this hormone disorder, so that doctors can provide appropriate treatment. Do not hesitate to see a doctor when you feel a number of symptoms of hormonal imbalance. Your doctor will help you to get the right solution and provide you with a number of treatments. Examining early on symptoms is better to do.

Treatment

To be able to help rebalance hormones, a number of treatments that will be recommended by the doctor, especially to reduce the symptoms. Treatment that will be given also varies depending on the causes that cause hormonal imbalances. For treatment options, there are lots of treatments that can be suggested by the doctor, and back again it is in accordance with the existing symptoms that the patients have. There are many choices for the therapies:

Vaginal Estrogen

The doctor will also suggest vaginal esters for hormone imbalance’s treatment. This treatment is used for patients who experience vaginal dryness which makes them uncomfortable and even less likely to get sick during intercourse. There are several forms of treatment given starting from the cream that is applied directly to reduce symptoms. Then, there is also a form of tablets and rings to help to provide comfort to the vagina.

Birth Control Hormones

Basically, using birth control hormones can help to delay the pregnancy. In addition, these treatments contain estrogen and progesterone to help smooth menstruation to become more regular. The form of this pregnancy control hormone also varies from pill form, contraception (IUD), injection and vaginal ring.

Anti Androgen Medication

Androgen hormones are very common in men’s bodies. Women also have this hormone. However, this hormone can also cause some problems such as hormonal imbalances and cause the other problems such as severe acne and hair problems like excessive hair loss. To be able to stop some of these problems, doing this treatment is the right way to block androgen hormones that are in women.

Eflornithine (Vaniqa)

This treatment takes the form of a cream where the drug will be applied to parts of the body that experience excessive hair growth in women. Basically, this cream is used to be able to relieve symptoms by slowing hair growth. That way the hair that grows can be controlled even though it does not eliminate the existing hair.

Testosterone Therapy

In men the cause of the imbalance of hormones is caused by the low amount of the hormone testosterone that is in the body so that doing the right treatment is needed. Hormone therapy can support male physical growth at puberty.

Hormone replacement medicine

This medicine can be given to women who experience uncomfortable menopause symptoms. Although only temporary, this drug can reduce the symptoms caused better.

Natural Remedies

You can also do self-care at home to reduce the symptoms. Basically to be able to do this treatment at home is to change lifestyles. In fact, it is a lifestyle that might cause hormone imbalance. For that change a better lifestyle can help to be able to re-balance hormones. Some of the activities at home that can be done are:

Regular exercise

Exercise has many benefits to be able to refresh the body. Exercise can be done anywhere and anytime. Doing aerobic exercise can also be a good choice. Walking in the morning or running can be an easy activity to do.

Eat well

Healthy food will help to create a healthier body with adequate nutrition that is obtained from healthy fruits, vegetables, meat and nuts.

Give moisturizer and lubrication to the vagina

To keep it comfortable, using the right lubrication can reduce the symptoms.

Do the right diet

Excessive weight is a factor causing hormonal imbalance (men and woman). Diet can maintain body weight to be more ideal. Go on a diet to lose weight more effectively. Choose the right diet and if necessary consult with your doctor to get a variety of important information for the diet, so that the diet is carried out and remains controlled and well monitored.